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小升初英语阅读理解应试技巧+阅读理解专项练*含答案解析

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小升初英语阅读理解应试技巧+阅读理解专项练*含答案解析 部编六年级小升初英语阅读理解应试技巧 阅读是增长知识获取信息的主要途径,阅读能力是英语教学的重点。 *年来,注重对阅读理解能力的考核已成为小升初的一大趋势。阅读理解 能力影响并制约听、说、读、写能力的形成和发展,英语教学大纲也把培养阅 读能力作为一个主要的教学目标。要做好阅读理解,应从以下几方面入手。 分门别类识别文体 随着信息时代的到来,阅读内容更趋于信息化、时代化,突破了单一的故 事、寓言等题材,内容涉及新闻、广告、科普、医疗、教育等,文章的体裁也 从记叙扩大到产品说明、逻辑推理及实际应用等文体。不同的文体阅读的要求 与方法不尽相同。 记叙文阅读主要抓四大要素,即时间、地点、人物和事件起因、发展和结 果,以及人物之间的关系、表现,从中分析他们思想品质、性格特征等;议论 文是阐明作者对人或事好坏的立场观点,因此在阅读时必须正确把握文章的论 点和论据,理清论证思路,再进行逻辑推理得出结论;应用文是最贴*日常生 活的文体,它包括通知、广告、便条、申请书、个人简历,形式多样,题材各 异,如图示、表格、地址、网址等,对这类文体的阅读应简明扼要地抓住所需 信息,理解文章内容。 统览全篇摘录要点 阅读理解是对整个文章的目的、意图、观点、立场、态度以及内在的逻辑 关系的理解,而不是断章取义的一孔之见,所以统览全篇和问题是很有必要 的,这些问题会给你提供信息或暗示文章中的一些重要细节。 如某试卷 C 篇阅读并回答问题中,通过对全篇的布局谋篇以及问题的设置 看到的不是片言只语,而从中感悟到人文思想的体现,人类和自然界生态相辅 相成的关系,从而得出第 6 小题:From the passage, we learn that___.答案为 B。 即:The rainforest people have done something to protect their home. 在统览全篇的同时要注意要点的摘录,因为一些显性的答案是可以从要点 中直接回答,而隐性的答案则是要通过对全篇的理解才能得出。统览全篇,摘 录要点亦有利于检查时节省时间。 开动脑筋推测词意 英语学*萄Щ疽蠊娑ǎ芨萆舷挛耐撇獯室澹⒛懿唤柚 典读懂含有 3%生词的语言材料,换言之,这就是促使学生的知识内化的过程, 学生要通过知识内化将内隐的心理活动转换为外显的行为,可以借助以下的几 种方法完成内化过程: 根据上下文猜测词意 如某模拟题,阅读 B 篇中 passed away,根据上文的 An illness had kept the boy home.和下文写给 Rick 的信中可以猜测出意为"去世"。 根据构词法猜测词意 前缀 un-表反义词,如:happy--unhappy,fair--unfair,important-- unimportant 等。 后缀-ment 表名词,如:develop--development,state--statement, argue--argument 等。 后缀-er、-or 或-ist 表同源名词,如:calculate--calculator,visit---

visitor,law--lawyer,wai--waiter,science--scientist,art--artist 等。 用知识和生活经验理解短文 如:根据化学知识,可以理解科普读物 Water is made from oxygen and
hydrogen.根据生活经验可以理解 Green plants let out oxygen and breathe in carbon dioxide.
根据逻辑推理理解短文 逻辑推理实际上就是文章的"弦外之音"、"言下之意"。如:某试卷阅读 C 篇回答问题中,根据:Have the police taken your driving licence away, too?可以推 断问题 6:Why was the other man riding a bicycle instead of diving a car?的答案 为:Because the police had take his driving license away. 再如:Then they cam e to the second picture. The assistant was going to draw the cloth as he did before. As soon as he touched the cloth,he cried, Wonderful It's the best picture I have ever seen!据此可以推断出第二张画画的是一块布。 条分缕析理解长句 长句是初中生阅读理解的难点之一,长句中通常包含并列、复合、倒装等 结构,对于这类句子要分清主次,先找出句子的主、谓、宾、定、状、补,再 找出修饰它的从句或短语等。如:Parents whose children show a special interesting particular sport have a difficult decision to make about their children's career.先找出本句的主、谓、宾为 Parents have a cession.再找出修饰语 Whose children show a special interesting particular sport.为 Parents 的定语从句,difficult 修饰 decision,to make about their children's careers 为不定式做 decision 的定语。 经过分析,化整为零,化繁为简,此句就不难理解了。

2.阅读理解。

It's a Sunday morning. Mary doesn't need to go to school. She says to her mom,

"I need some clothes. Can we go to Nice Girls' Store?"

“Well, what do you need, Mary?" Mom asks her. “My skirt is small, so I want to

buy a skirt. And I need a pair of sports shoes, too," Mary says.

"I see. Let's go and see now." In the store, Mary sees a blue skirt. It's nice .So she

asks the____,”How much is it?"

The clerk says, "It's twenty dollars." "OK. Let me think about it. Thanks."

Mary asks her mom, "What do you think of that blue skirt, Mom?"

"It's nice, but I don't think blue is nice on you. What about this green skirt, Mary?

"

"Oh, it's nice! " Mary says.

They take it at a good price. Only 12 dollars! They buy a pair of green sports

shoes, too. It's 32 dollars.

1.Who goes to the store with Mary?

A.Her father.

B.Her friend.

C.Her aunt.

D.Her mother.

2.The word “ clerk” means (意思是) _______.

A.店员

B.顾客

C.馆长

D.观众

3.The underlined word "it" refers to (指的是)__________ .

A.the blue skirt

B.the green skirt

C.the pair of blue shoes

D.the pair of green shoes

4.How much are the skirt and the sports shoes?

A.$12.

B.$32.

C.$44.

D.$52.

5.We can see ________.

A.Mary needs a hat

B.Mary doesn't like green

C.blue is nice on Mary

D.the store is for girls

【答案】

1.D

2.A

3.A

4.C

5.D

【解析】

【分析】

试题分析:这篇短文讲述的是一个星期天的上午,Mary 想去买一条裙子,

她和妈妈去了商店。她看到一条蓝色的裙子非常漂亮,但是她的妈妈觉得她穿

蓝色不好看,最后他们买了一条绿色的裙子,还买了一双运动鞋。

1.细节理解题。根据短文的开头可知,这是一个星期天的上午,Mary 不

用上学,所以她想去商店购物,她对她的妈妈说想要买一条裙子,她的妈妈同

意和她一起去。故选 D。

2.词义猜测题。根据文意和划线单词所在的句子的上下文可知,Mary 想

去买一条裙子,他们商店里看到了一条蓝色的裙子,非常漂亮,所以她就问店

员裙子多少钱。故 clerk 应该是商店里的服务员。故选 A。

3.细节理解题。根据 it 所在的句子的上下文意可知,Mary 的妈妈对 Mary

说,蓝色的裙子和漂亮,但是她觉得蓝色不适合 Mary。这里 it 代指的是上文提

到的蓝色的裙子。故选 A。

4.细节理解题。根据 Only 12 dollars! They buy a pair of green sports shoes,

too. It's 32 dollars.可知,裙子的价格是 12 美元,运动鞋的价格是 32 美元,一共

是 44 美元。故选 C。

5.推理判断题。根据这个商店的名字 Nice Girls’ Store 可以推测,这个商

店里卖的都是女孩们的东西。故选 D。通过短文的内容可知,Mary 需要买的是

裙子,故 A 不对;根据短文中 it’s nice 可知,Mary 觉得绿色的裙子也很好看,

故 B 不对;根据 but I don't think blue is nice on you.可知,Mary 的妈妈觉得 Mary

穿蓝色不好看,故 C 不对。

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

3.Tom is an English boy. Now he is in Beijing with his parents and his two
sisters. Every morning he has breakfast at 7:00. Then he goes to school at 7:30. His first class starts (开始) at 8:00. In the morning he has four classes and in the
afternoon he has two classes. The classes finish at 4:30 pm. After that, he always plays soccer with his classmates for an hour.
At school Tom’s favorite subject is music. His best friend is Frank. Frank is not from England. She is a Chinese girl. Her Chinese name is Liu Yuanyuan. She is a small TV star. You can see her on TV. Why does Tom like Frank? Because they like the same things (事情). They like music and they like blue and white.

根据材料内容,选择正确答案

1.When does Tom have breakfast?

A.At 6:00. B.At 7:00.

C.At 7:30.

D.At 8:00.

2.Tom always

with his classmates after school.

A.plays soccer

B.plays tennis

C.plays basketball

D.plays computer games

3.What is Tom’s favorite subject?

A.Art.

B.Music.

C.History.

D.Math.

4.Who’s Frank?

A.Tom’s sister. B.Tom’s teacher. C.Tom’s cousin. D.Tom’s friend.

5.Which of the following is TRUE?

A.There are four people in Tom’s family.

B.Tom has seven classes every day.

C.Tom likes blue and white.

D.Frank doesn’t like music.

【答案】

1.B

2.A

3.B

4.D

5.C

【解析】

【分析】

本文介绍了汤姆的日常生活和学*情况。汤姆和他的好朋友弗兰克都喜欢

同样的事物。

1.B

细节理解题。根据 Every morning he has breakfast at 7:00.可知汤姆在每天早

上 7 点吃早饭,故选 B。

2.A

细节理解题。根据 The classes finish at 4:30 pm. After that, he always plays

soccer with his classmates for an hour. 可知汤姆放学后总是和同学一起踢足球,

故选 A。

3.B

细节理解题。根据 At school Tom’s favorite subject is music.可知汤姆最喜欢

的科目是音乐,故选 B。

4.D

细节理解题。根据 His best friend is Frank.可知弗兰克是汤姆的朋友,故选

D。

5.C

细节理解题。根据 They like music and they like blue and white. 可知汤姆喜

欢蓝色和白色,故选 C。

【点睛】

根据题干要求,在文中寻找答案所在的语句或段落,进行分析理解,词义

猜测,推理判断和概括归纳,选出正确的选项。例如小题 3,根据 At school

Tom’s favorite subject is music.可知汤姆最喜欢的科目是音乐,故选 B。

4. There are 55 students in my class. They come from different places, so

they go to school in different ways. Twenty students go to school on foot because they

live near the school. Ten students ride the bikes to school because they live not far

from the school. Ten students go to school by bus because they live far from the

school. Ten students go to school in their parents’ cars. The other five students go to

school by boat because there is a river between their houses and the school. 1.How many students are there in the class?

A.55

B.20

C.10

D.50

2.Twenty students ______ to school because they live near the school.

A.walk

B.by bus

C.ride a bike

D.on foot

3.Ten students ride the bikes to school because they live ______.

A.near the restaurant

B.far from the school

C.not far from the school

D.near the river

4.Five students go to school by boat because ______.

A.they have boats

B.they live far from the school

C.they would like to go by boat

D.there is a river between their houses and the school

5.If you live far from the school, you should ______ to go to school.

A.walk

B.ride bike

C.take a bus

D.by boat

【答案】

1.A

2.A

3.C

4.D

5.C

【解析】

【分析】

试题分析:本文叙述了我班学生上学的交通方式。我班有 55 名学生。20

名学生步行上学,10 名学生骑自行车去上学,有 5 名学生坐船上学,10 名学生

坐父母的车上学,还有 10 名学生坐公交车去上学。

1.A 细节理解题。根据 There are 55 students in my class.可知班里有 55 名

学生,故选 A。

2.A 细节理解题。根据 Twenty students go to school on foot because they live

near the school.可知 20 名学生步行上学,故选 A。

3.C 细节理解题。根据 Ten students ride the bikes to school because they live

not far from the school.可知 10 名学生因为离学校不远,因此骑自行车去上学,

故选 C。

4.D 细节理解题。根据 The other five students go to school by boat, because

there is a river between their houses and the school.可知有 5 名学生坐船上学,是

因为在他们家和学校之间有一条河,故选 D。

5.C 推理判断题。根据 Ten students go to school by bus because they live far

from the school.可知如果你离学校较远,你应该坐公交车去上学,故选 C。

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

5.

Hi, dear boys and girls! Do you know how to be a healthy kid? Here are some

rules you should follow.

First, eat different foods. especially fruit and vegetables. You may have a

favourite food, but you'd better eat something different. If you eat different foods, you

will probably get more nutrients(营养物质)your body needs.

Second, drink more water and milk as often as possible. When you're really

thirsty, cold water is the No. 1 choice. Milk is a great drink that can give you more

calcium(钙)your body needs to ,grow strong `bones.

Third, listen to your body. How do you feel when you are full? When you are

eating, notice how your body feels and when your stomach feels comfortably full.

Eating too much will not make you feel comfortable and will make you fat.

Fourth, limit(限制)screen time. Screen time is the time you watch TV, DVDs

and videos, or using computers. It is good to take more exercise such as basketball,

bike riding and swimming. You can't watch TV for more than two hours a day.

Fifth, be active. One thing you'd like to do as a kid is to find out which activity

you like best. Find ways to be active every day. 1.You should eat different foods especially ___________.

A.meat

B.hamburgers C.sweets

D.fruit and

vegetables 2.Which kind of drinks can give you more calcium?

A.Juice

B.Milk

C.Cold water

D.Tea

3.According to the passage, you should follow_________ rules if you want to

keep healthy.

A.five

B.nine

C.fifteen

D.thirteen

4.___________ is the best drink when you're really thirsty.

A.Cold water B.Hot water

C.Milk

D.Tea

5.___________will not make you feel comfortable and will make you fat.

A.Eating too little

B.Eating too much

C.Eating hamburgers

D.Eating fruit and vegetables

6.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A.When you're eating, you don't have to notice how your body feels.

B.You can eat your favourite food as much as possible.

C.We should try to live in an active way in our life.

D.You can watch TV when you like to get more information.

【答案】

1.D

2.B 3.A 4.A 5.B 6.C 【解析】 【分析】 本篇文章难度适中,主要讲述成为一名健康的孩子所要遵守的规则。 1.细节理解题。根据 First, eat different foods. especially fruit and vegetables 可知,首先,吃不同的食物,特别是水果和蔬菜。故选 D。 2.细节理解题。根据 Milk is a great drink that can give you more calcium (钙)your body needs to ,grow strong `bones“牛奶是能给你许多你的身体需要以 及长成强壮骨骼的钙的一种很好的饮料”可知,牛奶能给你许多钙,故选 B。 3.推理判断题。根据 First, eat different foods“首先吃不同的食物”、Second, drink more water and milk as often as possible 第二,尽可能经常喝更多的水和饮 料”、Third, listen to your body“第三,听从你的身体”、Fourth, limit(限制) screen time“第四,限制看屏幕的时间”以及 Fifth, be active“第五,积极的的态 度”可知,总共讲述 5 条规则,故选 A。 4.细节理解题。根据 When you're really thirsty, cold water is the No. 1 choice“当你真地很渴的时候,冷水是第一选择”可知,当你真地很渴的时候,冷 水是最好的饮料,故选 A。 5.细节理解题。根据 Eating too much will not make you feel comfortable and will make you fat 可知,吃太多将不会让你感到很舒服并且会让你变胖,故选 B。 6.细节理解题。根据 When you are eating, notice how your body feels and when your stomach feels comfortably full“当你吃东西时,当你的胃感到舒服地饱 了的时候,注意你的身体感觉如何”可知,当你吃动西时,需要注意身体的感 觉,排除 A;根据 You may have a favourite food, but you'd better eat something different“你可能有一个最喜欢的食物,但是你最好吃一些不同的食物”可知,你 不能尽可能多地吃你最喜欢的食物,排除 B;根据 You can't watch TV for more than two hours a day 可知,一天你看电视的时间不能超过两个小时,排除 D;根 据 One thing you'd like to do as a kid is to find out which activity you like best. Find ways to be active every day“作为一个孩子,你想做的一件事就是找出你最喜欢的 活动。每天都想办法活跃起来”可知,在你的生活当中,要以一个积极的方式生 活,故选 C。 【点睛】 做细节理解题时要先划关键词,再根据关键词定位到文中的某一段即可做 出题目。例如第 4 题,根据关键词 best drink 以及 really thirsty 可知,定位至 When you're really thirsty, cold water is the No. 1 choice“当你真地很渴的时候,冷 水是第一选择”可知,当你真地很渴的时候,冷水是最好的饮料,故选 A。




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